Journal of Archives in Military Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

JAMM, Simurgh and Spiritual Symbol of Medicine

Alireza Zali 1 , *
Author Information
1 Functional Neurosurgery Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Journal of Archives in Military Medicine: May 01, 2014, 2 (2); e20634
  • Published Online: May 24, 2014
  • Article Type: Letter
  • Received: May 23, 2014
  • Accepted: May 24, 2014
  • DOI: 10.5812/jamm.20634

To Cite: Zali A. JAMM, Simurgh and Spiritual Symbol of Medicine, J Arch Mil Med. 2014 ; 2(2):e20634. doi: 10.5812/jamm.20634.

Copyright © 2014, AJA University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
  • 1. Khoshdel AR, Lashkari MH. From the Persian Ancient Dramas, Jamm and Simurgh Toward the Modern Military Medicine. J Arch Mil Med. 2013; 1(1): 1-5
  • 2. Wilcox RA, Whitham EM. The symbol of modern medicine: why one snake is more than two. Ann Intern Med. 2003; 138(8): 673-7[PubMed]
  • 3. Henry E. Sigerist, A History of Medicine. 1987;
  • 4. Friedlander WJ. The Golden Wand of Medicine: A History of the Caduceus Symbol in Medicine. 1992;
  • 5. Schmidt HP. Simorgh. 2003;
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